How to Trade Triple Witching

Last Updated on September 22, 2023 by Mark Ursell

This article shows the best way to trade Triple Witching. Learn how to avoid the dangers and maximize the opportunities around Triple Witching.

Read on if you want to:

  • Avoid Triple Witching volatility by going To cash
  • Trade long-short around Triple Witching
  • Maximize your potential gain with leveraged ETFs around Triple Witching
  • Learn Three Different Trading Strategies and see the backtested results using the SPY, QQQ and SQQQ.

Many traders are nervous about triple witching, but with the information in this article, you will be able to minimize your risk and increase your profits.

Table of Contents

What is Triple Witching? And How Does it Affect Stocks?

Triple Witching is a market phenomenon that happens four times every year. On the third Friday of March, June, September and December.

This date is when quarterly stock options, stock index options and stock index futures expire at the same time.

Triple Witching tends to have above-average market volume and volatility – in particular during the last hour of Friday trading.

Triple witching often interrupts the trend, and it can take a while to resume.

Watch the Video To See Me Explain

YouTube video

How Can Stock Traders Avoid Triple Witching Volatility?

Triple Witching for Traders

Long-only traders and active investors can avoid triple witching by going to cash in all or part of their portfolio around the time of triple witching. Historically this has tended to be a period of market weakness.

How Can I Trade Triple Witching?

Triple Witching has historically given provides some excellent short trading opportunities. During the last 11 years of (mostly) bull market, the days around triple witching have tended to fall.

Trading Strategy Analysis

I have backtested three different trading strategies.

I have tested these strategies on the SPY, QQQ and SQQQ. I do all my analysis in Excel and you can see the results of each trading strategy compared to the underlying instrument.

Long Only – Avoid Triple Witching Strategy

Firstly, lets have a look at the SPY over the past 11 years since 2010.


The simplest thing for long traders and investors is to avoid triple witching. For this basic scenario, I did the following:

  • Enter long on the next trading day after Triple Witching
  • Go to cash at the close on Thursday before Triple Witching
  • Re-enter long on the next trading day after Triple Witching


You can compare the net profit, compound annual growth rate (CAGR), max drawdown and MAR ratio. You will see that avoiding triple witching has improved performance compared to buy and hold.

MetricsAvoiding Triple WitchingUnderlying Market
Gross Winning Trades$596,676
Gross Losing Trades$-168,389
Net Profit$428,287$347,874
Profit Factor3.54
Winning Trades37
Losing Trades8
Percentage Winning Trades82%
Max Drawdown29.4%33.8%
MAR Ratio0.540.42
TradeTriple Witching - Long Only - SPY Trading Strategy Capital Graph

Long/Short – Trade Triple Witching Strategy

Next, I tested QQQ over the same time period. This time using a profit target and stops. The intention is to have a tradable strategy with lower drawdown and a higher MAR ratio than the underlying instrument.


  • Enter long on the next trading day after Triple Witching
  • Go short at the close on Thursday before Triple Witching
  • Re-enter long on the next trading day after Triple Witching
  • Profit Target – 50%
  • Stop-loss – 8%
  • Trailing Stop Loss (chandelier exit) – 8%


MetricsAvoiding Triple WitchingUnderlying Market
Gross Winning Trades$738,912
Gross Losing Trades$-156,438
Net Profit$582,474$699,084
Profit Factor4.72
Winning Trades55
Losing Trades35
Percentage Winning Trades61%
MAR Ratio1.150.32
TradeTriple Witching - Long - Short - QQQ Trading Strategy Capital Graph

Short Only – Trade Triple Witching With SQQQ

Triple witching only occurs four times a year so I wanted to test an instrument that maximized my potential returns. SQQQ is the inverse TQQQ. It is a 3x leveraged ETF that moves in the opposite direction to the TQQQ.


  • Enter long at the close on Thursday before Triple Witching
  • Go to cash on the next trading day after Triple Witching


The results show that the strategy has been profitable 60% of the time. I like that this strategy has a high Profit Factor which tells us that winning trades tend to be larger than losing trades.

Considering the bull market throughout this period, this is a good return for a straightforward strategy that only trades four times a year.

MetricsAvoiding Triple WitchingUnderlying Market
Gross Winning Trades$86,783
Gross Losing Trades$-46,126
Net Profit$40,656$-99,984
Profit Factor1.88
Winning Trades25
Losing Trades16
Percentage Winning Trades60%
Max Drawdown8.6%99.99%
MAR Ratio0.39-0.57
TradeTriple Witching - Short Only - SQQQ Trading Strategy Capital Graph

Get More Winning Trades

I did this analysis using a Tradinformed Excel Backtest Model.

If you have a trading strategy and want to test it to see how it performs but you’re not sure where to start, or you don’t have the skill set to get it all set up efficiently on your own.

Tradinformed backtest models are an easy-to-use format that allows you to backtest your trading strategies using past market data and technical indicators.

Learn More: Tradinformed Backtest Models

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